Sanhuri Translation Project



Sanhuri Translation Project

In the history of modern Arab law, one figure stands head and shoulders above the rest: Abd al-Razzaq al-Sanhuri. A legal modernizer at a time of transition in Egypt’s history, Sanhuri sought to reconcile the various sources of Egyptian law – Ottoman, French, and Islamic – in one harmonious system.

Over a career spanning five decades, he authored the Civil Codes not only of Egypt but of several other Arab countries as well. In particular, the Egyptian Civil Code issued in 1949 has served as the model for the civil codes of practically all Arab countries.

Influential as these various codes may be, it is Sanhuri’s Medium Commentary on the New Civil Code (al-Wasit fi Sharh al-Qanun al-Madani al-Jadid) that has become the “standard reference on civil law for all lawyers in the Arab world.”

A massive work of 10 volumes, Sanhuri’s Wasit provides a detailed explanation of all aspects of the Egyptian Civil Code, from the man most familiar with how and why it was drafted the way it was.

His authoritative and nuanced discussion means that no lawyer or judge can afford to ignore what Sanhuri has to say on a given topic, and it is rare for a legal brief or court ruling not to quote, or at least be informed by, Sanhuri’s treatment of the question at hand.

Following the Civil Code’s general thematic organization, the volumes of the Wasit are divided as follows:

Abbreviated Table of Contents (see below for full)

Volume 1 General Theory of Obligation: Sources of Obligation
Volume 2 General Theory of Obligation: Proof and Effects of Obligation
Volume 3 General Theory of Obligation: Terms, Assignment, and Extinction
Volume 4 Contracts Relating to Ownership: Sale and Set-Off
Volume 5 Contracts Relating to Ownership: Deed of Gift, Company, Loan, Perpetual Annuity, and Conciliation
Volume 6, Tome 1 Contracts Relating to Usufruct: Lease and Loan-for-Use
Volume 6, Tome 2 Contracts Relating to Usufruct: Lease and Loan-for-Use
Volume 7, Tome 1 Contracts Relating to Provision of Services: Contracting, Agency, Deposit, and Sequestration
Volume 7, Tome 2 Aleatory Contracts: Contracts of Gaming, Betting, Life Annuity and Insurance
Volume 8 Right of Ownership, with a Detailed Explanation of Objects and Property
Volume 9 Modes of Acquiring Property, with Dismemberment of the Right of Ownership (Usufruct and Servitude)
Volume 10 Personal and Real Securities

At Industry Arabic, Sanhuri’s Wasit has not escaped our notice. In our years of high-level legal translation for a range of clients, one reference has been requested for translation time and again – Sanhuri’s Wasit.

As part of our commitment to excellence in Arabic-English legal translation, we’ve decided it’s time to put out a full English version of this vital reference. This is no easy task.

Translating Wasit’s 12,000 pages of highly technical legal terminology would be the challenge of a lifetime for a single translator. Fortunately, thanks to the work of our team of outstanding legal translators over the years, we already have significant chunks of the Wasit translated. And now we just need to fill in the rest.

Need a section of Sanhuri’s Wasit in English ASAP? Check with us.

We may already have that section translated and ready to send out at a moment’s notice.

Then for sections that we haven’t translated yet, we’re offering a discounted rate for all requests to translate excerpts from the book, no matter how big or small.

Contact us here for a quote.

Sections Available for Purchase 

Our expert Arabic-English legal translation team has completed the following sections that are available for individual purchase. Once you complete your payment via Paypal or a major credit card, a member of our team will email you a fully searchable PDF document.

Main Chapter Headings ($100 $5 PDF Download)
Section (1,250 words) contains:
  • Full English translation of main chapter headings for Sanhuri’s Medium Commentary on the New Civil Code (al-Wasit fi Sharh al-Qanun al-Madani al-Jadid)
  • A great resource for researchers or narrowing down areas for further research

Chapter 2 of Volume 2 on the “Penalty Clause or Compensation by Agreement” ($3,000 $147 PDF Download)

This chapter (16,129 words) is an essential reference in disputes over breach of contract and is frequently cited in major arbitration cases. Whether you’re drafting contracts that will be enforced in Arab jurisdictions, or representing a client in dicey contractual disputes, this excerpt from Sanhuri is the final word on penalty clauses and pre-agreed compensation. Detailed contents:

  • What is a penalty clause?
  • Conditions for entitlement to a penalty clause
  • Legal characterization of the penalty clause
  • The distinction between a penalty clause and similar phenomena
  • Effects of the penalty clause
  • When a penalty clause may be modified or disregarded

Chapter 3 of Volume 1 on “Termination of the Contract” ($5600 $247 PDF Download)

Treating the following topics:

  • How contracts may be terminated
  • Recession (judicial, consensual, and automatic)
  • Conditions for seeking rescission and how to invoke
  • Effect of rescission
  • Exceptio non adimpleti contracts
  • Right of retention

A $5600 value for only $247!

This chapter is the foundational reference for contract termination in Arab law codes. It covers extinguishment, dissolution, and invalidation of contracts, and in particular, it includes a detailed discussion of rescission and how it applies when the other party is in breach. It also clarifies the intricacies of the right of retention and invoking exception non adimpleti contracts.

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